Planning and Leading an Effective Prayer Service

The great Baptist minister of the nineteenth century, Charles Haddon Spurgeon, attributed all of his success in ministry to the prayers of his people. During one of his church’s prayer meetings, Spurgeon said the following:

“It fills my heart with gladness to see so many hundreds of persons gathered together at what is sometimes wickedly described as, ‘only a prayer meeting.’ It is good for us to draw nigh unto God in prayer, and specially good to make up a great congregation for such a purpose. We have attended little prayer meetings of four or five, and we have been glad to be there, for we had the promise of our Lord’s presence; but our minds are grieved to see so little attention given to united prayer by many of our churches. We have longed to see great numbers of God’s people coming up to pray, and now we enjoy this sight…. How could we expect a blessing if we were too idle to ask for it? How could we look for Pentecost if we never met with one accord, in one place, to wait upon the Lord? Brethren, we shall never see much change for the better in our churches in general till the prayer meeting occupies a higher place in the esteem of Christians.”

Spurgeon wrote those words over a hundred and fifty years ago. They seem even more appropriate for our generation.

The prayer meeting is a dying thing. Many churches have abandoned it, often times along with an understanding of the importance of prayer itself. It is not surprising then to find people like Robert and Mary Murphy of New Milford, Connecticut, who began a prayer meeting in their own back yard because their church didn’t offer one, or anything for that matter on Sunday evenings.

Have we not heard from others, or even thought to ourselves, “It’s only a prayer meeting.” What’s the big deal? What good can it really accomplish? Why waste my time when there are so many others things I could be doing? Why go when I’m so tired from the week? Why make my kids suffer through that? And yet we are reminded of Spurgeon’s words, “How could we expect a blessing if we were too idle to ask for it?” Not just asking as individuals, but as a church? All throughout the just the New Testament, God commands–not suggests, not hints at, not offers as a good idea–commands us to pray. Consider a few –

  • 1 Thess 5:17, “pray without ceasing.”
  • Jas 5:16, “Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another.”
  • Eph 6:18, “[pray] at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication.”
  • Jude v. 20, “beloved, build yourselves up in your most holy faith; pray in the Holy Spirit.”

Now, be careful here.In our culture of rugged individualism, we tend to individualize these texts and make them about our personal prayers. And there is validity in doing that. But remember that all of these passages were originally written to churches, not individuals. The primary application of each of these passages reflects a command to pray together as God’s people.

So, what can we do to effectively plan and lead powerful prayer gathering?

Before the Service

When I first came to the church I’m at now, the weekly prayer service was not a spiritually-oriented, well-ran time. There were some there who genuinely sought the Lord. But the majority of the time was used by the members to ‘get caught up’ and hear about how everyone inside and outside the church was doing. Sharing requests and chatting (sometimes even gossiping) for the first 20 or 30 minutes was how the service began. Then, most of the requests dealt with physical needs (health, jobs, working cars, etc). The time actually spent in prayer was sometimes less than the sharing of requests.

Let me say from the outset, there is nothing wrong with praying for physical needs. I think Jesus himself gives us warrant for such things by telling us to pray ‘give us this day our daily bread.’  However, when we come together as the body of Christ, our focus should be somewhere else. It important to learn that there is a difference between our personal prayer closet and our times of gathered prayer. During times of gathered prayer, our focus should be more on the spiritual needs of the church and those we know. In order to make that happen, we need to plan well.

1. Design a Service for Kingdom Prayer

People are used to thinking about prayer as a means to get their personal needs met. However we should understand prayer as a means to praise and adore God, to know Him, to come into his presence, and be changed by Him. We need to better learn how to pray, repent and petition God as a people. Biblically and historically, the one non-negotiable, universal ingredient in times of spiritual renewal is corporate, prevailing, intensive and kingdom-centered prayer. So then what does that kind of prayer look like?

Kingdom Prayer is focused on God’s presence and kingdom. In a message on prayer, Tim Keller explained that Jack Miller talked about the difference between “maintenance prayer” and “frontline” prayer meetings. Maintenance prayer meetings are short, mechanical, and totally focused on physical needs inside the church. But frontline prayer has three basic traits: 1) a request for grace to confess sins and humble ourselves; 2) a compassion and zeal for the flourishing of the church; 3) a yearning to know God, to see his face, to see his glory.

It’s interesting to study Biblical prayer for revival, such as in Acts 4 or Exodus 33 or Nehemiah 1, where these three elements are easy to see. Remember Acts 4?  Here are the disciples, whose lives had been threatened because of the Gospel. Did they ask for protection for themselves and their families? No, they only asked for only boldness to keep preaching! This is kingdom-centered prayer.

Kingdom Prayer is also bold and specific. The characteristics of this kind of prayer involves pacesetters in prayer spend time in self-examination. Without a strong understanding of grace, this can be morbid and depressing. But in the context of the gospel, it is purifying and strengthening. They “take off their ornaments” as the people did in Exodus 33. They examine themselves for idols and set them aside. They then begin to make the big request—a sight of the glory of God. That includes asking: 1) for a personal experience of the glory/presence of God (“that I may know you” — Exod 33:13); 2) for the people’s experience of the glory of God (v. 15); and 3) that the world might see the glory of God through his people (v. 16).

Moses asks that God’s presence would be obvious to all: “What else will distinguish me and your people from all the other people on the face of the earth?” This is a prayer that the world be awed and amazed by a show of God’s power and radiance in the church, that it would become truly the new humanity that is a sign of the future kingdom.

Kingdom Prayer is prevailing and corporate. By this we mean simply that prayer should be constant, not sporadic and brief. Why? Are we to think that God wants to see us grovel? Why do we not simply put our request in and wait? But sporadic, brief prayer shows a lack of dependence, a self-sufficiency, and thus we have not built an altar that God can honor with his fire. We must pray without ceasing, pray long, pray hard, and we will find that the very process is bringing about that which we are asking for — to have our hard hearts melted, to tear down barriers, to have the glory of God break through.

2. Prepare Yourself Spiritually

This goes for both the one leading the prayer service, and those that will be attending. The one leading should have already spent time with God in prayer. He or she should have dealt with any sin in their life, and be fully ready to follow the Spirit’s empowering presence. Again, this also applies to those attending.

Back in the nineteenth century, a pastor named John Todd wrote a book entitled, Hints and Thoughts for Christians. One of the chapters in that book was entitled, “How to Make a Prayer Meeting Dull.” With stinging insight and sarcasm, he says, in effect, if you want to make a prayer meeting dull, one should follow these suggestions:

“Suppose the meeting is tonight. Don’t pray about it. Try to find some excuse for staying away. Are you not very tired? Aren’t you coming down with a cold? If you do go, arrive late. Feel no responsibility to pray. If you do pray, see how long you can be. The world is full of things that need prayer. Bring them all in. Or else, use your prayer time to scold those who are present. Then, after the meeting, criticize in the presence of your family, those who prayed.”

Thankfully, pastor Todd can not only bring conviction, but also encouragement. To make the prayer meeting more interesting, he says:

“Let the prayer meeting live in your hearts. Consider a Scripture [passage] or a thought or two that can be profitably offered up in prayer. Pray for the meeting in your family worship. Pray that Christ will be manifested in the meeting. Pray that the Holy Spirit may be present to warm, cheer, and animate every heart. Feel responsible for it. Make it a solemn duty, a habit, and a privileged to be there. Above all, pray at the meeting. Participate…. Be hopeful and expectant; believe Christ when he promises to be in the midst of [those] gathered in his name.”

E. M. Bounds says, “The life, the power, and the glory of the church is prayer…. Without it, the church is lifeless and powerless.”

During the Service

As you lead the group or congregation,

1. Begin with Scripture and Prayer

Find some passage of Scripture that will help set the tone for the service. Some will say you shouldn’t offer an explanation or devotional teaching over the passage. While I don’t think you should begin with a sermon, I do think there is value in a 5-10 minute explanation of the passage. This ensures that everyone is on the same page, and can clearly see how the text focuses the evening’s prayer time. You can also use Scripture throughout the prayer time to direct the focus of the time.  Furthermore, we should begin with prayer. Pray for the prayer gathering. Ask the Lord to come in power, Ask God to send his Spirit to shape the attitudes of those there, to guide the service.

2. Vary the tone and pace of the service with music

If it’s possible, break up the service with music. Either transition, or lead into different kinds of praying with appropriate music. Find a hymnal that has the psalms for some excellent options. And don’t be afraid to sing without instruments if no one is available to play.

3. Vary the kinds of prayer offered

Sometimes it will be appropriate to focus on a certain kind of praying, such as in a solemn assembly service when the focus is on confession and repentance of sin. But for the regular weekly gathering, you will want to pray various kinds of prayer. Follows the example given by Jesus in the Lord’s Prayer, or pray through a Psalm or one of Paul’s prayers. The simplest way to remember how to keep balance is to remember the simple acrostic ACTS.

Adoration. Adoration is simply praising God. Giving him glory for who he is and what he has done. This can be difficult for many people – we default to asking so easily. it is a good discipline to cultivate. Many of the prayers of the Bible spend a lot of time in adoration and praise.

Confession. Both individual and corporate times are appropriate. Sometimes having a time for people to go to one another and ask forgiveness is good. Jesus taught this as well as his half-brother James.

Thanksgiving. Similar to praise, but focused on gratefulness. We are to live in a spirit of thankfulness. It cultivates humility and dependence.

Supplication. Supplication involves two kinds of praying: Intercession which is Praying for others. In praying, it is easy to make two errors. One is to too often focus on yourself, not others. Make an effort to pray for others, even in corporate prayer.  It also involves petition which is praying for yourself, or your group. Another error is to always pray for others and never yourself. It’s very important for the church to pray for itself – they know needs the best and can be an tremendous source of encouragement

4. Vary the way in which people can pray

“Variety is the spice of life” is true. Most people will have a hard time spending 45 minutes to an hour in prayer, especially if the kind of praying is the same thing. Heads bowed, eyes closed for that long can easily be snoring before too long. Mixing it up keeps things moving, and helps people stay focused on praying.

Open prayer. This is probably the most common variety of gathered prayer. Simply let anyone who wants to pray. It is often helpful to give some direction here. ‘‘Let’s enter a time of praise…” This keeps from an ‘around the world’ time of praying, which lacks focus or consistency.

Silent prayer. As its name implies, this is a time when people pray silently. This can be done with complete silence. Or, this can be done with a piano or some other instrument playing softly in the background. This kind of prayer is especially good during a time of individual confession.

Small groups. Praying in small groups allow for people to pray in a more intimate setting. This can be helpful for uniting a congregation in prayer. I like to keep the groups around 3-4. With two, it becomes a temptation to spend time sharing but not praying. More than 4 and it makes it difficult for everyone not to pray.

Concert prayer. I learned this from my Korean friend, Sanghun. We used to get up early to read the Bible and pray together (he insisted that we get up and meet “Early! We must get up early!” Good advice from a godly man). During concerts of prayer, everyone is praying together out loud. It’s probably how prayer looked for the early church is and very popular in certain parts of Asia. This can be distracting for some. If you try something different and it flops or does not go well the first time, keep trying; change is often difficult.

Lead prayer. Ask for one or more people to lead in prayer on a given subject. One caveat, though–make sure you have an idea that they will be able to, or want to lead in prayer. If you’re unsure, do not call on specific individuals, ask for volunteers.

5. End on an encouraging note

This can be testimonies of answered prayer, a song expressing confidence in God, or a Scriptural benediction. It helps people go out with excitement, desiring to come back, feeling confident to go to God in prayer on their own and with their church.

Be Hopeful 

None of these things are fool-proof. You cannot make someone desire God or communion with him in corporate prayer. But these things might help craft a service that is both conducive for effective prayer and encouraging to God’s people.


  1. thanks for the encouragement, claire. all of this came from studying the bible and trial and error from my church’s own prayer services. it is certainly not all one can say about prayer gatherings, but i’m glad you found it helpful.

  2. Please help me i am desperate really,i need permanent,stable,secure goodpaying job with medical benefits,i have a lots and lots of bills in arrears i stress too much,i’m so hopeless,dear Lord bless me financially,i pray for miracle,i pray for my cure heal me,Jesus i really want to conceive,highblood pressure is my main worry during pregnancy,bless me dear God and my family and my partner Clifford,he is struggling financially he is
    Jobless too,Lord hear our prayers

  3. this is a great message u up lifting me for sure, cause i was stressed with my bank arrears but now i have faith that nothing is imposible if you belive to the might name but help me with ur prayers as well

  4. Thank you so much for all this information. I have been to a few prayer meetings, and have led them myself. I felt as if I needed more power to my elbow and you have given me this. Also I shall ask for my prayer group to be mentioned in church each week. We will meet tomorrow afternoon and I will be using some of these notes and Bible quotes.I now realize I was on the right tracks but running out of steam.Thank you again.
    God Bless

  5. I am about to begin a prayer service in our church and I found this to be most helpful. Thank you so much and God bless.

  6. God bless you for sharing such an inspiration and encouraging wisdom, reading it alone and I feel it’s our solution.
    Thank you, and God continue to bless in with wisdom in Jesus name.

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